Benchmark campaign and case study episode in central Europe for development and assessment of advanced GNSS tropospheric models and products
Jan Douša , Galina Dick , MIchal Kačmařík , Radmila Brožková , Florian Zus , Hugues Brenot , Anastasia Stoycheva , Gregor Möller , Jan Kapłon
AbstractInitial objectives and design of the Benchmark campaign organized within the European COST Action ES1206 (2013-2017) are described in the paper. This campaign has aimed to support the development and validation of advanced Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) tropospheric products, in particular high-resolution and ultrafast zenith total delays (ZTDs) and tropospheric gradients derived from a dense permanent network. A complex data set was collected for the 8-week period when several extreme heavy precipitation episodes occurred in central Europe which caused severe river floods in this area. An initial processing of data sets from GNSS products and numerical weather models (NWMs) provided independently estimated reference parameters - zenith tropospheric delays and tropospheric horizontal gradients. Their provision gave an overview about the product similarities and complementarities, and thus a potential for improvements of a synergy in their optimal exploitations in future. Reference GNSS and NWM results were intercompared and visually analysed using animated maps. ZTDs from two reference GNSS solutions compared to global ERA-Interim reanalysis resulted in accuracy at the 10mm level in terms of the root mean square (rms) with a negligible overall bias, comparisons to Global Forecast System (GFS) forecasts showed accuracy at the 12mm level with the overall bias of -5mm and, finally, comparisons to mesoscale ALADIN-CZ forecast resulted in accuracy at the 8mm level with a negligible total bias. The comparison of horizontal tropospheric gradients from GNSS and NWM data demonstrated a very good agreement among independent solutions with negligible biases and an accuracy of about 0.5 mm. Visual comparisons of maps of zenith wet delays and tropospheric horizontal gradients showed very promising results for future exploitations of advanced GNSS tropospheric products in meteorological applications, such as severe weather event monitoring and weather nowcasting. The GNSS products revealed a capability of providing more detailed structures in atmosphere than the state-of-theart numerical weather models are able to capture. In an initial study on the contribution of hydrometeors (e.g. cloud water, ice or snow) to GNSS signal delays during severe weather, the effect reached up to 17 mm, and it was suggested that hydrometeors should be carefully accounted for within the functional model. The reference products will be further exploited in various specific studies using the Benchmark data set. It is thus going to play a key role in these highly interdisciplinary developments towards better mutual benefits from advanced GNSS and meteorological products.
|Journal series||Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, ISSN 1867-1381, (A 35 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.95|
|Score|| = 35.0, 21-05-2021, ArticleFromJournal|
= 35.0, 21-05-2021, ArticleFromJournal
|Publication indicators||= 34; = 33; : 2016 = 1.611; : 2016 = 3.089 (2) - 2016=3.7 (5)|
|Citation count*||48 (2021-06-06)|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.