Helminth parasites of wolves (Canis lupus L.) from north-western Poland
Agnieszka Piróg , Marcin Popiołek
AbstractThe forests of north-western Poland, although very preferable for wolves, have only recently been recolonized by these carnivores. Up to now, research on wolf parasites has been conducted in the eastern part of the country, where the species population is quite numerous and stable. The newly established packs of wolves from four forest complexes west of the Vistula river have been examined for parasites: 1) Noteć Forest (PN) – one of the biggest forest complexes in the region, home for three packs of wolves, 5‒7 individuals each; 2) Tuchola Forest (BT) – no less than two packs, 6 wolves in one of them and no less than 4 in the other; 3) Lower Silesia Forest (BD) – one of the biggest forest complexes in Europe, with four stable packs of wolves and one border pack with Germany; 4) Drawa National Park (DPN) – placed in the centre of the Drawa Forest, with one pack of wolves (up to 5 individuals). Parasite diagnostics was conducted by coproscopy with the use of a modified flotation method incorporating centrifugation (1500 rpm/5 min.). The analysis of 227 faecal samples (PN-84, BT-46, BD-54, DPN-43) led to identification of the eggs and oocysts of 9 parasite taxa: Alaria alata (9.69%; 5.95% PN; 17.39% BT; 5.56% BD; 13.95% DPN), Taeniidae gen. sp. (34.36%; 34.52% PN; 45.65% BT; 31.48% BD; 25.58% DPN), Capillariidae gen. sp. (25.55%; 30.95% PN; 28.26% BT; 27.78% BD; 9.30% DPN), Trichuris vulpis (2.20%; 3.57% PN; 4.35% BT). Ancylostoma sp. /Uncinaria sp. (32.60%; 35.71% PN; 43.48% BT; 11.11% BD; 41.86% DPN), Toxocara canis (7.49%; 8.33% PN; 8.70% BT; 13.95% DPN), Toxascaris leonina (0.88%; 2.38% PN), Physaloptera sp. (2.46%; 1.19% PN; 4.35% BT; 6.98% DPN) and coccidia (26.43%; 28.57% PN; 39.13% BT; 16.67% BD; 20.93% DPN).
|Journal series||Annals of Parasitology, ISSN 2299-0631, e-ISSN 2300-6706, (B 15 pkt)|
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