Viral, Serological, and Antioxidant Investigations of Equine Rhinitis A Virus in Serum and Nasal Swabs of Commercially Used Horses in Poland
Barbara Bażanów , Agnieszka Frącka , Natalia Jackulak , Ewa Romuk , Tomasz Gębarowski , Aleksander Owczarek , Dominika Stygar
AbstractBackground. Equine rhinitis A virus (ERAV) is considered to be an important pathogen in horses, but relatively few studies are available. Aims.The purpose of this study was to verify ERAV seroprevalence in selected horses in Poland, in addition to correlation between ERAV and age and sex of analysed animals and the antioxidant status. Methods. The material collected from clinically healthy horses was tested using the VNT (353 serum samples) and virus isolation method (44 nasal swabs). 27 serum samples with antibody titers between 0 and ≥1 : 2048 were chosen for further analysis. The study was conducted in group 1 (ERAV titer ≤ 64) and group 2 (ERAV titer > 64). Results. Seroneutralisation tests showed positive results in 72% of serum samples. No significant correlation between ERAV seropositive results and selected biochemical indicators was observed. Group 2 had statistically higher concentrations of SOD and CuZnSOD than the analysed group 1. Conclusions. ERAV was not detected in the nasal swab samples. Antioxidant parameters did not significantly vary between horses of different breed, sex, or age.The ERAV virus had an impact on plasma total SOD and Cu/Zn SOD activity in horses in early stages of convalescence.
|Journal series||BioMed Research International, [Journal of Biomedicine and Biotechnology], ISSN 2314-6133, e-ISSN 2314-6141, [2314-6141], (A 30 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.5|
|ASJC Classification||; ; ; ; ; ; ;|
|Internal identifier||65681; PX-5b0e6296d5de70eb5d5b8dd3|
|License||Journal (articles only); published final; ; with publication|
|Score||= 30.0, 15-06-2020, ArticleFromJournal|
|Publication indicators||= 0; = 0; : 2016 = 0.875; : 2018 = 2.197 (2) - 2018=2.885 (5)|
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