MRI features of the vomeronasal organ in dogs (Canis familiaris)
Michał Dzięcioł , Przemysław Podgórski , Ewa Stańczyk , Antoni Szumny , Martyna Woszczyło , Barbara Pieczewska , Wojciech Niżański , Józef Nicpoń , Marcin Wrzosek
AbstractThe vomeronasal organ (VNO, Jacobson's organ) according to current knowledge is the structure responsible for semiochemical signal detection. In dogs and other mammals, it is localized close to the vomer and nasal bones. Although there are reports describing the anatomy and histology of this structure, there are no available reports assessing this organ in live individuals by direct visualization. The aim of this study was twofold: (1) preparation and optimization of a protocol for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examination of the VNO in a cadaver study with its precise visualization and localization, and (2) characterization of the physiological VNO image features in an MRI of live dogs. The first part of the study was performed on 10 beagle cadavers, the second on 8 live beagle dogs. For the VNO visualization, a 1.5T MRI (Philips® Ingenia) scanner and 20-channel digital head-neck spine coil were used (Philips®, Holland). The cadaver study allowed confirmation of the organ's localization by the application of an MRI contrast agent (gadolinium), through the external entrance of the VNO canal. Accurate delineation of the VNO was obtained using a high-resolution submillimeter three-dimensional T1-FFE 3D sequence. Imaging of the VNO in 8 living dogs allowed description of the MRI physiological features and direct evaluation of its shape and size. The results obtained demonstrate the ability to visualize the VNO in vivo and to evaluate its structure in dogs.
|Journal series||Frontiers in Veterinary Science, ISSN 2297-1769, (N/A 70 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.5|
|Keywords in English||MRI, VNO, Jacobson’s organ, dogs, semiochemical communication|
|Internal identifier||PX-5e8c998ed5def05dec78f77a; PX-5e8cc13ad5def05dec79036b|
|License||Journal (articles only); published final; ; with publication|
|Score||= 70.0, 10-05-2021, ArticleFromJournal|
|Publication indicators||= 0; = 0; : 2018 = 2.029 (2)|
|Citation count*||2 (2021-05-12)|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.