Comparison of P-wave dispersion in healthy dogs, dogs with chronic valvular disease and dogs with disturbances of supraventricular conduction
Agnieszka Noszczyk-Nowak , Anna Szalas , Urszula Pasławska , Józef Nicpoń
AbstractBackground: P-wave dispersion (P-d) is a new ECG index used in human cardiology and veterinary medicine. It is defined as the difference between the maximum and the minimum P-wave duration recorded from multiple different ECG leads. So far no studies were performed assessing the importance of P-wave dispersion in dogs. Methods: The current study was aimed at determining proper value of P-d in healthy dogs (group I), dogs with chronic valvular disease (group II) and dogs with disturbances of supraventricular conduction (group III). The tests were carried out in 53 healthy dogs, 23 dogs with chronic valvular disease and 12 dogs with disturbances of supraventricular conduction of various breeds, sexes and body weight from 1,5 to 80 kg, aged between 0,5 and 17 years, submitted to the ECG examination. ECG was acquired in dogs in a standing position with BTL SD-8 electrocardiographic device and analyzed once the recording was enlarged. P-wave duration was calculated in 9 ECG leads (I, II, III, aVR, aVL, aVF, V1, V2, V4) from 5 cardiac cycles. Results: The proper P-wave dispersion in healthy dogs was determined at up to 24 ms. P-wave dispersion was statistically significant increased (p < 0.01) in dogs with chronic valvular disease and dogs with disturbances of supraventricular conduction. In dogs with the atrial enlargement the P-wave dispersion is also higher than in healthy dogs, although no significant correlation between the size of left atria and P-d was noticed (p = 0.1, r = 0,17). Conclusions: The P-wave dispersion is a constant index in healthy dogs, that is why it can be used for evaluating P wave change in dogs with chronic valvular disease and in dogs with disturbances of supraventricular conduction.
|Journal series||Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica, ISSN 0044-605X, (A 30 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.5|
|License||Journal (articles only); published final; ; with publication|
|Publication indicators||= 10; = 9; : 2011 = 0.995; : 2011 = 1.367 (2) - 2011=1.521 (5)|
|Citation count*||16 (2020-07-30)|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.