Impact of Prebiotics and Synbiotics Administered in ovo on the Immune Response against Experimental Antigens in Chicken Broilers
Tadeusz Stefaniak , Jan Madej , Stanisław Graczyk , Maria Siwek-Gapińska , Ewa Łukaszewicz , Artur Kowalczyk , Marcin Sieńczyk , Giuseppe Maiorano , M. Bednarczyk
AbstractThe effect of the in ovo application of selected prebiotics and synbiotics on the humoral immune response against T-dependent (SRBC) and T-independent (dextran) antigens and delayed-type hypersensitivity (DTH) to phytohemagglutinin was studied. On the 12th day of incubation, 800 eggs (Ross 308) were divided into five groups and injected into the egg air chamber with prebiotic inulin (Pre1), Bi2tos (Pre2), a synbiotic composed of inulin and Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis IBB SL1 (Syn1), a synbiotic composed of Bi2tos and L. lactis subsp. cremoris IBB SC1 (Syn2), and physiological saline (control group; C). The chickens were immunized twice at the 7th and 21st day of life with SRBC and dextran. A DTH test was performed on the 7th, 21st, and 35th day. The application of prebiotics and synbiotics had no significant effect on the humoral immune response. SRBC-immunized in ovo Pre1- and Pre2-treated chickens showed significantly higher serum IgG levels than the control. A significant effect on the DTH reaction was detected on the 7th (Pre1 < C) and 21st (Pre2 > Syn2) day. However; Bi2tos may transiently stimulate the cellular immune response on the 21st day. It may be concluded that the application of inulin in an egg air chamber on the 12th day of incubation may stimulate the secondary immune response. The inulin-treated group exhibited a lower mortality rate than the control group.
|Journal series||Animals, ISSN 2076-2615, e-ISSN 2076-2615, (N/A 100 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||32.15|
|Keywords in English||in ovo; delayed-type hypersensitivity; SRBC; dextran; immunoglobulin|
|Internal identifier||PX-5e9d65f5d5de3b05e1384b63; PX-5e9d6717d5de3b05e1384b77|
|License||Journal (articles only); published final; ; with publication|
|Score||= 100.0, 18-05-2021, ArticleFromJournal|
|Publication indicators||= 5; = 5; : 2018 = 1.148; : 2019 = 2.323 (2)|
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