Protective effects of levamisole, acetylsalicylic acid, and α-tocopherol against dioxin toxicity measured as the expression of AhR and COX-2 in a chicken embryo model
Kinga Gostomska-Pampuch , Alicja Ostrowska , Piotr Kuropka , Maciej Dobrzyński , Piotr Ziółkowsk , Artur Kowalczyk , Ewa Łukaszewicz , Andrzej Gamian , Ireneusz Całkosiński
AbstractPolychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (dioxins) are classed as persistent organic pollutants and have adverse effects on multiple functions within the body. Dioxins are known carcinogens, immunotoxins, and teratogens. Dioxins are transformed in vivo, and interactions between the products and the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) lead to the formation of proinflammatory and toxic metabolites. The aim of this study was to determine whether α-tocopherol (vitamin E), acetylsalicylic acid (ASA), and levamisole can decrease the amount of damage caused by dioxins. Fertile Hubbard Flex commercial line chicken eggs were injected with solutions containing 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) or containing TCDD and the test compounds. The chicken embryos and organs were analyzed after 7 and 13 days. The levels at which AhR and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) proteins (which are induced during inflammation) were expressed were evaluated by performing immunohistochemical analyses on embryos treated with TCDD alone or with TCDD and the test compounds. TCDD caused developmental disorders and increased AhR and COX-2 expression in the chicken embryo tissues. Vitamin E, levamisole, ASA, and ASA plus vitamin E inhibited AhR and COX-2 expression in embryos after 7 days and decreased AhR and COX-2 expression in embryos after 13 days. ASA, levamisole, and ASA plus vitamin E weakened the immune response and prevented multiple organ changes. Vitamin E was not fully protective against developmental changes in the embryos.
|Journal series||Histochemistry and Cell Biology, ISSN 0948-6143, (A 40 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.65|
|Keywords in English||AhR; Chicken embryo; COX-2; Histopathology; TCDD|
|ASJC Classification||; ; ;|
|Internal identifier||62760; PX-59241403d5deafdf3cf5f2f6; PX-592415cad5deafdf3cf5f2f7|
|License||Journal (articles only); published final; ; after publication|
|Score||= 40.0, 06-05-2020, ArticleFromJournal|
|Publication indicators||= 8; = 8; : 2017 = 0.621; : 2017 = 2.164 (2) - 2017=2.258 (5)|
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