Using Rutilus rutilus (L.) and Perca fluviatilis (L.) as Bioindicators of the Environmental Condition and Human Health: Lake Łańskie, Poland
Joanna Łuczyńska , Beata Paszczyk , Michał Łuczyński , Monika Kowalska-Góralska , Joanna Nowosad , Dariusz Kucharczyk
AbstractThe aim of this study was to determine the mercury content and fatty acids profile in roach (Rutilus rutilus L.) and European perch (Perca fluviatilis L.) from Lake Łańskie (Poland). Mercury content was higher in the muscles than other organs in both species (p < 0.05). Mercury accumulates along the food chain of the lake’s ecosystem. The value of the bioconcentration factor (BCF) indicated that Hg had accumulated in the highest amounts in muscles and in the other organs as follows: muscles > liver > gills > gonads. The metal pollution index (MPI) and target hazard quotient (THQ) were below 1, which means that these fish are safe for consumers. The values of HIS, GSI and FCF indicators show that both species of fish can be good indicators of water quality and food contamination. There were few differences between fatty acid content in the muscles of perch and roach. Contents of fatty acids having an undesirable dietary effect in humans (OFA—hypercholesterolemic fatty acids) were lower compared to hypocholesterolemic fatty acids (DFA, i.e., the desirable ones). In addition, the lipid quality indices AI and TI in the muscles of fish were at 0.40 and 0.22 (perch) and at 0.35 and 0.22 (roach), respectively. On this basis, it can be concluded that the flesh of the fish studied is beneficial from the health point of view.
|Journal series||International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, e-ISSN 1660-4601, (N/A 70 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.7|
|Keywords in English||freshwater fish, total mercury, BCF, THQ, lipid quality indices|
|License||Journal (articles only); published final; ; with publication|
|Score||= 70.0, 10-02-2021, ArticleFromJournal|
|Publication indicators||= 0; = 0; : 2018 = 1.129; : 2019 = 2.849 (2) - 2019=3.127 (5)|
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