Technological methods for reducing the content of fructan in rye bread
Ewa Pejcz , Radosław Spychaj , Zygmunt Gil
AbstractThe irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a functional disorder of the gastrointestinal tract that may afflict even 12% of the European population. One of the ways to counteract IBS-related ailments is to implement a diet with reduced contents of fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides, and polyols (FODMAPs). The prevailing components from the FODMAPs group that may be found in rye bread include fructans. The study was conducted with endosperm and wholemeal rye flours. Dough was prepared from both flours with the use of two methods: I-stage method—with the addition of dry leavening—and II-stage method with the use of a sourdough produced with Lactobacillus plantarum, and all with fermentation times of 90, 120, 150, and 180 min. After baking, bread loaves were subjected to quality and consumer analysis and fructan content determination. The endosperm rye flour used for bread-making revealed better baking properties. Bread made of this flour had a higher loaf volume and received higher scores in the consumer assessment than bread made with wholemeal. Study results conclude that the content of fructans in bread was significantly affected by the dough-making method, and that it was decreased by the use of the sourdough. In contrast, the extended fermentation time of dough failed to reduce the fructan content of the bread.
|Journal series||European Food Research and Technology, ISSN 1438-2377, e-ISSN 1438-2385, (N/A 70 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.5|
|Keywords in English||Rye bread, Fructans, IBS, Fodmaps|
|ASJC Classification||; ; ; ;|
|License||Journal (articles only); published final; ; with publication|
|Score||= 70.0, 07-08-2020, ArticleFromJournal|
|Publication indicators||= 0; = 0; : 2018 = 0.943; : 2018 = 2.056 (2) - 2018=2.093 (5)|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.