The influence of different strains of Oenococcus oeni malolactic bacteria on profile of organic acids and phenolic compounds of red wine cultivars Rondo and Regent growing in a cold region
Aneta Wojdyło , Justyna Samoticha , Joanna Chmielewska
AbstractWines produced from grapes cultivated in cool climate areas are characterized by high levels of organic acids. One method to correct this is malolactic fermentation (MLF). The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of different strains of Oenococcus oeni bacteria (Viniflora CH11, Viniflora CH16, Viniflora CH35, Viniflora Oenos, SIHA LACT Oeno) during the biological acidity reduction process. Red wine from Rondo and Regent cultivars was obtained by ethanol fermentation of the pulp, at 20 °C for 14 days. The profile of organic acids was examined with a particular focus on changes in the content of l-malic and l-lactic acids. Additionally, the impact on profile and quantity of phenolic compounds and antioxidant capacity was measured. The results showed that MLF had a positive influence on content of organic acids through the reduction of l-malic acid content with a simultaneous increase of the amount of l-lactic acid. The best effect was obtained with the CH11 and CH35 bacterial strains. The biological acidity reduction process had no significant (P > 0.05) impact on phenolic content or antioxidant capacity. However, the wine making process (ethanol fermentation, maturation) contributed to the reduction of polyphenols and in consequence lower antioxidant capacity of the final tested wines. PRACTICAL APPLICATION: The present study provides useful information on the impact of different Oenococcus oeni bacterial strains on MLF in red wines, reduction of l-malic to l-lactic acid, and stability of phenolic compounds during MLF and the maturation period. Also, this article provides information about phenolic compounds and antioxidant capacity during malolactic fermentation and maturity of red wines made from hybrids of Vitis vinifera such as Rondo and Regent cultivars.
|Journal series||Journal of Food Science, ISSN 0022-1147, e-ISSN 1750-3841, (N/A 70 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.55|
|Keywords in English||MLF, antioxidant capacity, organic acids, phenolic compounds, red wine|
|Score||= 70.0, 21-04-2021, ArticleFromJournal|
|Publication indicators||= 2; = 1; : 2018 = 0.991; : 2019 = 2.478 (2) - 2019=2.693 (5)|
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