Clopidogrel in a combined therapy with anticancer drugs - Deffect on tumor growth, metastasis, and treatment toxicity: Studies in animal models
Agnieszka Denslow , Marcin Nowak , Marta Świtalska , Joanna Jarosz , Diana Papiernik , Kseniia Porshneva , Joanna Wietrzyk
AbstractClopidogrel, a thienopyridine derivative with antiplatelet activity, is widely prescribed for patients with cardiovascular diseases. In addition to antiplatelet activity, antiplatelet agents possess anticancer and antimetastatic properties. Contrary to this, results of some studies have suggested that the use of clopidogrel and other thienopyridines accelerates the progression of breast, colorectal, and prostate cancer. Therefore, in this study, we aimed to evaluate the efficacy of clopidogrel and various anticancer agents as a combined treatment using mouse models of breast, colorectal, and prostate cancer. Metastatic dissemination, selected parameters of platelet morphology and biochemistry, as well as angiogenesis were assessed. In addition, body weight, blood morphology, and biochemistry were evaluated to test toxicity of the studied compounds. According to the results, clopidogrel increased antitumor and/or antimetastatic activity of chemotherapeutics such as 5-fluorouracil, cyclophosphamide, and mitoxantrone, whereas it decreased the anticancer activity of doxorubicin, cisplatin, and tamoxifen. The mechanisms of such divergent activities may be based on the modulation of tumor vasculature via factors, such as transforming growth factor β1 released from platelets. Moreover, clopidogrel increased the toxicity of docetaxel and protected against mitoxantrone-induced toxicity, which may be due to the modulation of hepatic enzymes and protection of the vasculature, respectively. These results demonstrate that antiplatelet agents can be useful but also dangerous in anticancer treatment and therefore use of thienopyridines in patients undergoing chemotherapy should be carefully evaluated.
|Journal series||PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, (A 40 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||1.65|
|ASJC Classification||; ;|
|Internal identifier||64644; PX-5a5df0a0d5def5025b1acfce|
|License||Journal (articles only); published final; ; with publication|
|Score||= 40.0, 03-09-2020, ArticleFromJournal|
|Publication indicators||= 6; = 5; : 2017 = 1.111; : 2017 = 2.766 (2) - 2017=3.352 (5)|
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