Evaluation of the Properties and Usefulness of Ashes from the Corn Grain Drying Process Biomass
Grzegorz Zając , Grzegorz Maj , Joanna Szyszlak-Bargłowicz , Tomasz Słowik , Paweł Krzaczek , Wojciech Gołębiowski , Marcin Dębowski
AbstractThe paper presents the results of a study on chemical composition of ashes from three types of waste biomass in terms of fertilizer usefulness. Waste from the process of corn grain drying, including corn cobs, corn grains and corn husk and their mixtures in the ratio 4:1 (v/v) were examined. The study proved that corn grain was the material with the highest concentration of macroelements among those studied (P—21,452 ppm, K—25,970 ppm, S—5911 ppm) and the mixture of corn cobs with corn grains (Ca—81,521 ppm). When microelements were considered, the highest concentration was recorded for corn cobs (Cu—207 ppm, Mn—844 ppm, Zn—857 ppm) and corn husk (Fe—15,100 ppm). The analysis of toxic elements in the ashes of the biomass studied showed their highest concentration in corn husk ash (Ni—494 ppm, Cr—301 ppm, Pb—42.7 ppm, As—4.62 ppm). The analysis showed that regardless of the type of biomass studied, all ashes were strongly enriched (in relation to the average soil content) with phosphorus and corn husk ash with calcium in particular. A slight enrichment in copper and lead was recorded for all ashes, and moderate or low for the other elements. It was found that the examined ashes from biomass, which is a residue from the drying of maize grain, have a high fertilizer usefulness.
|Journal series||Energies, [ENERGIES], ISSN 1996-1073, (N/A 140 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.75|
|Keywords in English||ash composition; biomass; corn; environmental and mechanical engineering|
|License||Journal (articles only); published final; ; with publication|
|Score||= 140.0, 21-09-2020, ArticleFromJournal|
|Publication indicators||= 0; = 0; : 2018 = 1.156; : 2018 = 2.707 (2) - 2018=2.99 (5)|
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