New records of Barbastella barbastellus and other bat species in Montenegro
Grzegorz Apoznański , Tomasz Kokurewicz , Aleksander Rachwald , Marina Đjurović , Aneta Zapart , Mart Szurlej
AbstractDespite of growing interest in Montenegrin nature, currently available data, regarding species composition and distribution of bats is yet to be completed. According to Presetnik et al. (2014) only 33% of the 10×10 km UTM squares covering Montenegro contain at least one bat record. As bats present a large variety of habitat preferences depending on species, supplementation of such knowledge is urgently needed, specially that lack of it is likely to hamper undertaken conservation efforts. The aim of our study was to investigate bat fauna in places which have not been previously surveyed. In August of 2014 simultaneous recordings with full spectrum detectors and mist netting sessions were carried out on 9 different sites scattered around Montenegro. A total of 303 bats flight passes were recorded and identified as follows: Barbastella barbastellus, Eptesicus serotinus, Hypsugo savii,, Myotis myotis/blythii, Myotis mystacinus/brandtii, Miniopterus schreibersii, Nyctalus leisleri, and Pipistrellus and Myotis spp. Mist netting resulted in capture of 63 bats representing following 14 species: Hypsugo savii, Myotis aurascens, Myotis capaccinii, Myotis daubentonii, Myotis emarginatus, Myotis mystacinus, Miniopterus schreibersii, Nyctalus noctula, Plecotus macrobullaris, Pipistrellus nathusii, Pipistrellus pipistrellus, Rhinolophus euryale, Rhinolohpus. hipposideros, Vespertilio murinus. On 20 of July 2015, additional mist netting was carried out in Durmitor National park resulting in capture of 5 individuals of western barbastelle (Barbastella barbastellus), two males and three females among which one was lactating. This last observation is especially important as the western barbastelle is currently considered as one of the rarest bat species in Western Europe and is mentioned in Annex II of EU habitat Directive (92/43/EEC), also in Montenegro although expected, up till date was recorded only once. Additionally three breeding colonies were found, two of Rhinolopus hiposideros (Cave near dobrilovina monastery and barn in Durmitor N.P.) and one of Rhinolophus Eurale (Cave near Risan). We hope that our observations will prove useful in preparation of Montenegrin bats distribution map and hopefully be beneficial for Montenegrin bats conservation in the years to come.
|Publication size in sheets||0.3|
|Book||Mulaomerović Jasminko, Milanolo Simone (eds.): Regional Symposium “Conservation Status of Bats in the Central Europe and Western Balkan”, 2018, ISBN 978-9958-9932-9-9, 54 p.|
|Publication indicators||= 0|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.