The Effect of Carrier Quantity and Drying Method on the Physical Properties of Apple Juice Powders
Anna Michalska , Krzysztof Lech
AbstractThe study aimed at the evaluation of the physical properties of apple juice powders mixed with different concentration of maltodextrin obtained by freeze-, vacuum and spray drying methods. Due to the chemical composition of apple juice there was a possibility to obtain apple juice powders by freeze-, spray and vacuum drying, excluding vacuum drying at 40 degrees C when 15% and 20% of maltodextrin were added. The moisture content of powders was more dependent on the drying method than on the quantity of maltodextrin added. The spray drying process in the context of an increase in maltodextrin quantity resulted in a decrease in the water activity of apple powders, whereas low temperature processes increased its values. Lower values of true density were observed after spray drying in comparison to freeze-and vacuum drying processes. The application of selected drying methods resulted in the formation of different particles' size of apple powders influencing the bulk density of the products. The highest values of bulk density were indicated for powders obtained by vacuum drying due to the bigger size of the particles (crystalized structure). The porosity of apple juice powders was strictly related to the bulk density. Colour parameters of powders were more influenced by drying techniques than the quantity of maltodextrin (15% up to 35%) added.
|Journal series||Beverages, ISSN , e-ISSN 2306-5710, (0 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.7|
|Keywords in English||Malus; powder; maltodextrin; spray drying; vacuum drying; bulk density; colour|
|Internal identifier||67309; PX-5c4b0f2ed5de4fe1aa7bf35a; PX-5c4b102fd5de4fe1aa7bf35c|
|License||Journal (articles only); published final; ; with publication|
|Score||= 1.0, 21-04-2021, ArticleFromJournal|
|Publication indicators||= 12|
|Citation count*||18 (2021-06-17)|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.