Biochar Affects Heavy Metal Uptake in Plants through Interactions in the Rhizosphere
Agnieszka Medyńska-Juraszek , Pierre-Adrien Rivier , Daniel Rasse , Erik J. Joner
AbstractHeavy metals in soil pose a constant risk for animals and humans when entering their food chains, and limited means are available to reduce plant accumulation from more or less polluted soils. Biochar, which is made by pyrolysis of organic residues and sees increasing use as a soil amendment to mitigate anthropogenic C emissions and improve agronomic soil properties, has also been shown to reduce plant availability of heavy metals in soils. The cause for the reduction of metal uptake in plants when grown in soils enriched with biochar has generally been researched in terms of increased pH and alkalinity, while other potential mechanisms have been less studied. We conducted a pot experiment with barley using three soils differing in metal content and amended or not with 2% biochar made from Miscanthus x giganteus, and assessed plant contents and changes in bioavailability in bulk and rhizosphere soil by measuring extractability in acetic acid or ammonium nitrate. In spite of negligible pH changes upon biochar amendment, the results showed that biochar reduced extractability of Cu, Pb and Zn, but not of Cd. Rhizosphere soil contained more easily extractable Cu, Pb and Zn than bulk soil, while for Cd it did not. Generally, reduced plant uptake due to biochar was reflected in the amounts of metals extractable with ammonium nitrate, but not acetic acid.
|Journal series||Applied Sciences-Basel, [Applied Sciences (Switzerland)], ISSN 2076-3417, (N/A 70 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.55|
|Keywords in English||rhizosphere; heavy metal; bioavailability; plant; uptake|
|ASJC Classification||; ; ; ; ;|
|License||Journal (articles only); published final; ; with publication|
|Score||= 70.0, 21-04-2021, ArticleFromJournal|
|Publication indicators||= 1; = 1; : 2018 = 0.985; : 2018 = 2.217 (2) - 2018=2.287 (5)|
|Citation count*||3 (2021-05-09)|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.