Creating nanocrystallized chemotherapy: the differences in pressurized aerosol chemotherapy (PAC) via intracavitary (IAG) and extracavitary aerosol generation (EAG) regarding particle generation, morphology and structure
Tanja Khosrawipour , Justyna Schubert , Joanna Kulas , Paweł Migdał , Mohamed Arafkas , Jacek Bania , Veria Khosrawipour
AbstractBackground: Nanocrystallization is a promising field for the development of new drugs. This study aims to present the use of nanocrystallization via intraperitoneal nanoaerosol therapy (INAT) for the treatment of peritoneal metastases. Methods: A continuous aerosol generation device was used to aerosolize a highly concentrated doxorubicin solution within a dry CO2 environment. The produced nanoaerosol was directed into an ex vivo abdominal model and collision of aerosol particles with placed samples was subject to further analysis via scanning-electron microscopy (SEM). SEM detected structural changes of particles caused by migration to different locations. Results: It was possible to visualize the contact of doxorubicin aerosol particles with the surface. Larger particles as well as particles closer to the aerosol generation chamber collided with the glass sample creating liquid drops, while smaller particles with more distance to the aerosol chamber collided as highly concentrated nanocrystals. The amount of nanocrystal particles outweighed the amount of fluid aerosol particles by far. Conclusions: Under optimal conditions, the formation of nanocrystals via aerosol creation device is possible. While a wide range of possible applications of nanocrystals is conceivable, surface coating with drug particles is especially interesting as it may serve as an alternative to conventional liquid intraperitoneal chemotherapy. Further studies are required to investigate nanocrystallization of chemotherapeutic solutions as well as its physical and pharmacological properties and side effects.
|Journal series||Journal of Cancer, ISSN 1837-9664, (N/A 70 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.5|
|Keywords in English||electron microscopy, pressurized intra-peritoneal aerosol chemotherapy (PIPAC), peritoneal metastases, nanoparticles, chemotherapy|
|License||Journal (articles only); author's original; ; with publication|
|Score||= 70.0, 19-06-2020, ArticleFromJournal|
|Publication indicators||= 1; = 1; : 2018 = 0.809; : 2018 = 3.182 (2) - 2018=3.102 (5)|
|Citation count*||1 (2020-07-06)|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.