Vector and Serologic Survey for Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever Virus in Poland
Barbara Bażanów , Jarosław Pacoń , Łukasz Gadzała , Agnieszka Frącka , Mirosław Welz , Janusz Pawęska
AbstractIn contrast to animals, Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) causes a severe disease in humans with a high mortality rate. The etiological agent, CCHF virus (CCHFV), can be transmitted by argasid and ixodid ticks, but arachnids of the genus Hyalomma, followed by Rhipicephalus and Dermacentor serve as the major vectors of this virus. The goal of the study was to assess the epidemiological situation of CCHFV infection in cattle in south-east Poland, and survey for potential tick vector species. A total of 592 bovine blood samples from animals located in the southernmost region in Poland were tested by IgG sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Ticks (n = 993) from south-east Poland were collected from dogs, cats, cattle, and horses and tested by RT-PCR. All 592 serum samples were negative for IgG antibodies to CCHFV. Of the ticks collected, 125 were Dermacentor reticulatus and 868 represented Ixodes ricinus, both species are regarded as potential vectors of CCHFV. All tick samples were negative for the presence of CCHFV. Considering the zoonotic nature, public health importance, and the virus increasing spread, it was prudent to assess the seroprevalence of CCHFV in the south-east area of Poland, bordering with CCHFV endemic areas. It seems unlikely that CCHFV infection will suddenly spread in Poland, but considering the multiple possibilities of the virus introduction, serosurveys and vector biosurveillance should be conducted at regular intervals.
|Journal series||Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases, ISSN 1530-3667, (A 30 pkt)|
|Keywords in English||Crimean–Congo hemorrhagic fever virus; Poland; cattle; ticks|
|ASJC Classification||; ;|
|Score||= 30.0, 22-06-2020, ArticleFromJournal|
|Publication indicators||= 0; = 0; : 2016 = 1.024; : 2017 = 2.171 (2) - 2017=2.365 (5)|
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