The Settlements Established by the Moravian Church (Brothers) in Lower Silesia
Justyna Jaworek-Jakubska , Marek Staffa
AbstractDuring the Counter-Reformation, Silesia became the refuge for numerous groups of Bohemian Protestants, especially Orthodox ones, such as the Moravian Church (Moravian Brothers, Unitas Fratrum). They settled in areas whose owners were favourably disposed towards them. While the Counter-Reformation progressed, they were increasingly pushed away westwards, towards Saxony. The biggest group reached Berthelsdorf in Lusatia, where it set up a settlement called Herrnhut within the estate o Nicolas Ludwig, Count von Zinzendorf. Zinzendorf, providing Herrnhut with financial and spiritual care, was striving to establish a supradenominational community from the very beginning. The congregation adopted an ascetic, religious lifestyle based on strictly defined rules, which was reflected in the development and urban layout of the settlement. After 1730, because of political and religious difficulties, the community began to set up new settlements outside Saxony (in Europe, North America and the Far East) modelled after Herrnhut. Three settlements were established under Zinzendorf’s influence in Silesia: in Piława Górna and in Kruszyn near Bolesławiec (1743), and in Pawłowiczki near Koźle (1750). All were formed on the same principles and a nearly identical layout to that of Herrnhut. All received similar names: Piława – Gnadenfrei, Kruszyn – Gnadenberg, and Pawłowiczki – Gnadenfeld.
|Other language title versions||Osady Herrnhutów na Dolnym Śląsku|
|Journal series||Kwartalnik Architektura Krajobrazu, ISSN 1641-5159, (B 7 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.85|
|Keywords in Polish||Herrnhut, osady herrnhutów, Piława Górna, Pawłowiczki, Kruszyn|
|Keywords in English||Herrnhut, Herrnhut settlements, Piława Górna, Pawłowiczki, Kruszyn|
|Internal identifier||68650; PX-5d80dce2d5de4a819157f488|
|Language||en angielski , pl polski|
|License||Journal (articles only); published final; ; with publication|
|Score||= 7.0, 15-06-2020, ArticleFromJournal|
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