Effect of long‑term storage in Safe Cell+ extender on boar sperm DNA integrity and other key sperm parameters
Wiesław Bielas , Wojciech Niżański , Agnieszka Partyka , Anna Rząsa , Ryszard Mordak
AbstractBackground: There is some controversy about the extent of changes in different sperm cell features in stored boar semen, especially regarding the potential role of the DNA fragmentation assay for assessment of sperm fertilizing ability. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of time of storage and the dynamic changes in sperm cell characteristics in normospermic boar semen stored in long-term extender, in order to determine the susceptibility to damage of particular structures of spermatozoa during cooling and storage at 17 °C for 240 h post collection. The study included five ejaculates from each of seven boars of the Polish Large White breed (n = 35 ejaculates). The sperm characteristics were assessed using a flow cytometer and a computer assisted sperm analyzer on samples at 0, 48, 96, 168 and 240 h post collection. Results: The sperm chromatin structure assay (SCSA) showed a significant abrupt increase (P < 0.01) in the DNA fragmentation index (%DFI) after 48 h of semen storage with only subtle changes thereafter, not exceeding 5% on average after 240 h of storage. The use of a combination of SYBR-14/PI stains did not reveal any significant changes in the percentage of live sperm cells up to 168 h of semen storage. A significant (P < 0.01) decrease in the percentage of live spermatozoa with intact acrosomes was observed after prolonged semen storage (168 h). A significant and progressive decrease in sperm motility was recorded during the whole period of semen storage. Conclusions: Storage of boar semen extended in long-term diluent at 17 °C for 48 h initially induced a decrease in the integrity of sperm DNA. This suggests that the structure of boar sperm DNA is susceptible to damage, especially during semen extension and at the beginning of sperm storage. These findings support the opinion that the SCSA test has only a low potential for routine assessment of boar semen preserved in the liquid state and for assessment of sperm quality changes during 10 days of semen preservation. Remarkably, the integrity of acrosomes and plasma membranes remained nearly unchanged for 7 days.
|Journal series||Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica, ISSN 0044-605X, (A 35 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.55|
|Keywords in English||Boar, Spermatozoa, DNA fragmentation, Flow cytometry, Acridine orange, SCSA, CASA|
|Internal identifier||64346; PX-5a3a17b9d5de88be783cb450|
|License||Journal (articles only); published final; ; after publication|
|Score||= 35.0, 09-09-2020, ArticleFromJournal|
|Publication indicators||= 7; = 6; : 2017 = 1.122; : 2017 = 1.497 (2) - 2017=1.65 (5)|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.