Immunoglobulin G Deficiency in Children with Recurrent Respiratory Infections with and Without History of Allergy
Aleksandra Lewandowicz-Uszyńska , Gerard Pasternak , Katarzyna Pentoś
AbstractRecurrent respiratory tract infections (RTI) are one of the most common diseases in childhood. Frequent infections adversely affect the development of a child and may lead to suspicion of immunodeficiency. An additional allergy component is thought conducive to infection occurrence. In this study, we retrospectively assessed medical records of 524 children hospitalized with RTI. Patients were divided into two groups: RTI-alone (n = 394) and RTI with a history of allergy (n = 130). Overall, we found that a great majority of children with RTI had the immunoglobulin G within the normal limit, irrespective of allergy. A variable IgG deficiency, most often affecting IgG1, IgG3, and IgG4 subclass, was present in less than one-third of children. Proportions of specific IgG subclass deficiency, varying from about 10% to 40%, were similar in both RTI-alone and RTI-allergy groups. The only significant effect was a modestly smaller proportion of children with IgG4 deficiency in the RTI-allergy group when compared with the RTI-alone group. We also found that IgG deficiencies were age-dependent as their number significantly increased with children’s age, irrespective of allergy. The results demonstrate a lack of distinct abnormalities in the immunoglobulin G profile which would be characteristic to a clinical history of allergy accompanying recurrent RTI in children. Thus, we conclude that the assessment of IgGs could hardly be of help in the differential diagnostics of the allergic background of RTI.
|Publication size in sheets||0.5|
|Book||Pokorski Mieczysław (eds.): Medical and Biomedical Updates, Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology, vol. 1289, 2021, Springer, ISBN 978-3-030-67215-7, [978-3-030-67216-4], 137 p., DOI:10.1007/978-3-030-67216-4|
|Keywords in English||Allerg, Children, Humoral disorders, IgG subclasses, Immune deficiency, Immunity, Respiratory infections|
|Score||= 20.0, 03-02-2021, MonographChapterAuthor|
|Publication indicators||: 2018 = 0.491; : 2019 = 2.45 (2) - 2019=2.324 (5)|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.