Volatile composition and sensory profile of shiitake mushrooms as affected by drying method
Joanna Nöfer , Krzysztof Lech , Leontina Lipan , Adam Figiel , Ángel A. Carbonell-Barrachina
AbstractBACKGROUND: One of the best preservation method for long-term storage is drying. In this work, the influence of different drying methods on aroma and sensory profile of shiitake mushroom was evaluated. The drying methods tested were: convective drying (CD), freeze-drying (FD), vacuum-microwave drying (VMD), and a combination of convective pre-drying and vacuum-microwave finish-drying (CPD-VMFD). RESULTS: The volatile composition of fresh and dried shiitake mushrooms was analysed by SPME, GC-MS and GC-FID, and showed the presence of 71 volatile compounds, most of them present in all dried samples but with quantitative variation. The major volatile compounds in fresh shiitake were 1-octen-3-ol (20.2%), 2-octanone (20.7%), 1,2,4-trithiolane(9.8%), and 1,2,3,5,6-pentathiepane (8.2%). Drying of shiitake mushrooms caused significant losses of C8 compounds and cyclic sulfur compounds, such as 1,2,4-trithiolane (V31) and 1,2,4,5-tetrathiane (V57). Samples dried at CD 80°C implied a relative short drying time (120?min), had the highest contents of total volatiles (1594µg 100g-1 ) and cyclic sulfur compounds (e.g. V57 126µg 100g-1 ), and the highest intensity of most of the key positive sensory attributes, such as inner colour (7.0), fresh shiitake flavour (6.7), and sponginess (6.2). CONCLUSION: The best dehydration methods, resulting in the highest total concentrations of volatile compounds and high intensity of key sensory attributes were FD (if vacuum and liquid nitrogen facilities are available) and CD at 80°C (for companies with vacuum and liquid nitrogen facilities).
|Journal series||Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, ISSN 0022-5142, (A 35 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.5|
|Keywords in English||Lentinula edodes; convective drying; descriptive sensory analysis; vacuum microwave drying; volatile compounds|
|ASJC Classification||; ; ;|
|Internal identifier||65175; PX-5ab23c46d5de7b46aed53b28; PX-5ab23c46d5de7b46aed53b28|
|Score||= 35.0, 28-05-2021, ArticleFromJournal|
|Publication indicators||= 31; : 2018 = 1.205; : 2018 = 2.422 (2) - 2018=2.733 (5)|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.