Enzymatic hydrolysis using bacterial cultures as a novel method for obtaining antioxidant peptides from brewers' spent grain
Dominika Ciurko , Wojciech Łaba , Barbara Żarowska , Tomasz Janek
AbstractBrewers' spent grain was used as a substrate to obtain protein hydrolysates with antioxidant activity. Hydrolysis was conducted in the culture using proteolytic bacteria. Hydrolysis was controlled by measurement of α-amino group concentration and with the aid of size exclusion chromatography. For each culture the degree of hydrolysis was calculated. The most efficient protein hydrolysis was observed in the cultures of Bacillus cereus (43.06%) and Bacillus lentus (41.81%). In addition, gelatin zymography was performed in order to detect bacterial proteases and their activity. The profile of secreted enzymes was heterogeneous, while the greatest variety was observed for Bacillus polymyxa. Brewers' spent grain protein hydrolysates exhibited high antioxidant activity. Bacillus subtilis and Bacillus cereus post-cultured media displayed the highest activity, respectively 1291.97 and 1621.31 μM TEAC per g for ABTS, 188.89 and 160.93 μM TEAC per g for DPPH, and 248.81 and 284.08 μM TEAC per g for the FRAP method.
|Journal series||RSC Advances, ISSN 2046-2069, (N/A 100 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.6|
|License||Journal (articles only); published final; ; with publication|
|Score||= 100.0, 01-04-2021, ArticleFromJournal|
|Publication indicators||= 0; : 2017 = 0.736; : 2018 = 3.049 (2) - 2018=3.168 (5)|
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