Evaluation of Changes in the Levels of Firmicutes and Bacteroidetes Phyla of Sheep Feces Depending on the Breed
Paulina Cholewińska , Magdalena Wołoszyńska , Marta Michalak , Katarzyna Czyż , Witold Rant , Marzena Janczak
AbstractStudies carried out so far have indicated the effect of the microbiome on the composition of ruminant products. Recent studies have shown that not only diet, but also genetic factors can affect the microbiological composition of the digestive system. The aim of the study was to determine the differences in the levels of selected bacterial phyla in terms of breed differences. Three sheep breeds, i.e., Olkuska, Romanov, and old-type Polish Merino, differing in their use (meat–wool, meat, prolificacy) and country of breed origin were included in the study. Sheep at the same age and of the same sex were kept for a period of 3 months in the same environmental conditions and fed the same feed in the same proportions. The study included real-time PCR (polymerase chain reaction) analysis of feces collected before the slaughter and measurements of body weight and chilled carcasses. The obtained results showed significant differences between the breeds in the levels of bacterial populations tested. There were also differences in body weight between the breeds during the first weight measurements, however, the final results did not show any differences—after three months of maintenance all of them reached similar body weights, despite differences in fecal microbiological composition. The study suggests that in addition to diet and environmental conditions, the microbiology can also be influenced by breed.
|Journal series||Animals, ISSN 2076-2615, e-ISSN 2076-2615, (N/A 100 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.5|
|Keywords in English||ruminants; sheep; breed; microbiome|
|License||Journal (articles only); published final; ; with publication|
|Score||= 100.0, 10-03-2021, ArticleFromJournal|
|Publication indicators||= 0; : 2018 = 1.148; : 2019 = 2.323 (2)|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.