Analysis of Physicochemical Parameters of Congress Worts Prepared from Special Legume Seed Malts, Acquired with and without Use of Enzyme Preparations
Alan Gasiński , Józef Błażewicz , Joanna Kawa-Rygielska , Joanna Śniegowska , Maciej Zarzecki
AbstractThis study was conducted to produce malt from legume seeds (chickpea, lentil, pea, and vetch) and test whether malting with parameters, typically barley grain, will result in well-modified legume seed malt. Analysis of malt was performed by producing congress worts from legume seed malts. Concentration of phenolic compounds, as well as antioxidant activity of legume seed malts was analysed. Acquired worts were characterised with poor technological characteristics (wort extract, wort volume, saccharification time, brewhouse efficiency); however, the malting process increased concentration of phenolic compounds and antioxidant activity of the plant material. Subsequent mashing tests with addition of different external enzymes and/or gelatinisation of legume seed malt were performed. Use of external enzymes improved saccharification time, extract content, wort volume, as well brewhouse efficiency in the case of some legume seed malts. The best brewhouse efficiencies and highest extract values were acquired by the samples prepared with 30% of gelatinised vetch malt or chickpea malt mixed with 70% of Pilsner malt. The study shows that there is possibility of creating legume seed malts, but malting and mashing characteristics need to be customised for these special malts.
|Journal series||Foods, ISSN 2304-8158, (N/A 70 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.9|
|Keywords in English||malt; congress mash; legumes; vetch; pea; chickpea; lentil; antioxidant activity; brewhouse efficiency|
|License||Journal (articles only); published final; ; with publication|
|Score||= 70.0, 20-04-2021, ArticleFromJournal|
|Publication indicators||= 0; = 0; : 2018 = 3.011 (2)|
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