Screening for structural variants of four candidate genes in dogs with disorders of sex development revealed the first case of a large deletion in NR5A1
Joanna Nowacka-Woszuk , Izabela Szczerbal , Monika Stachowiak , Stanisław Dzimira , Wojciech Niżański , Janusz Bieżyński , Tomasz Nowak , Maciej Gogulski , Marek Świtoński
AbstractDisorders of sex development (DSD) are important causes of infertility and sterility, and are risk factors for gonadal carcinogenesis. Many DSDs are caused by genetic factors, mainly sex chromosome abnormalities or mutations of genes involved in sexual development, as well as structural variants (SVs) - large deletions, duplications, and insertions, if these overlap genes involved in sex development. The aim of this study was to determine if there were SVs in four candidate genes - NR0B1 (DAX1), NR5A1, RSPO1, and SOX3 - using droplet digital PCR (ddPCR). There was study of two cohorts of dogs with DSD, including 55 animals with XX DSD and 15 with XY DSD. In addition, 40 control females and 10 control males were included in the study. Among cases, for which there were evaluations, a large deletion consisting of four exons of the NR5A1 gene was identified in a Yorkshire Terrier with a rudimentary penis, hypospadias, bilateral cryptorchidism, and spermatogenesis inactive testes. This is the first mutation in the NR5A1 gene leading to XY DSD phenotype to be reported in domestic animals. There were no SVs in the genes evaluated in the present study in the cohort of dogs with XX DSD. The results from this study provide evidence that the large structural variants of these genes are rarely associated with the DSD phenotype in dogs.
|Journal series||Animal Reproduction Science, ISSN 0378-4320, e-ISSN 1873-2232, (N/A 140 pkt)|
|Keywords in English||Abnormal genitalia, Copy number variation, Cryptorchidism, Hypospadias, Intersexuality|
|ASJC Classification||; ; ;|
|Score||= 140.0, 20-04-2021, ArticleFromJournal|
|Publication indicators||= 0; = 0; : 2018 = 1.145; : 2019 = 1.66 (2) - 2019=2.002 (5)|
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