Insight into the intestinal microbiome of farrowing sows following the administration of garlic (Allium sativum) extract and probiotic bacteria cultures under farming conditions
Marta Satora , Marcin Magdziarz , Anna Rząsa , Krzysztof Rypuła , Katarzyna Płoneczka-Janeczko
AbstractBackground: Due to the tendency to reduce antibiotic use in humans and animals, more attention is paid to feed additives as their replacement. Crucial role of feed additives is to improve the health status, production efficiency and performance. In this original research, we estimate the potential influence of garlic (Allium sativum) extract and probiotic formula including Enterococcus faecium, Lactobacillus rhamnosus and Lactobacillus fermentum on the intestinal microbiota of sows, using the next generation sequencing method (NGS). Results: Our results indicate that the overall species richness as well as the composition of swine gut microbiota may be shaped by regular feeding with supplemented additives. On the Family and Genus level both additives (garlic extract and probiotics) seem to decrease microbiome diversity and richness. However, when it comes to garlic supplementation, we found the opposite trend on the Species level. Conclusions: The analysis of the selected microbial function indicates that both additives used in this study (garlic extract and composition of probiotics) seem to create a greater metabolic potential than estimated in a control group of sows. A general trend of losing or decreasing members of pathogenic species in the swine microbiome seems to occur in relation to both supplemented additives. In the prevention of some bacterial diseases supplemented additives could be considered for future use.
|Journal series||BMC Veterinary Research, ISSN 1746-6148, (N/A 140 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.85|
|Keywords in English||Swine microbiome, Shaping, Garlic, Lactobacillaceae, Nutrition|
|License||Journal (articles only); published final; ; with publication|
|Score||= 140.0, 06-05-2021, ArticleFromJournal|
|Publication indicators||= 0; = 0; : 2018 = 1.026; : 2018 = 1.792 (2) - 2018=2.12 (5)|
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