Investigation of Commensal Escherichia coli Populations of Cormorant Hatchlings in the Absence of Anthropogenic Impacts in Remote Areas of West Mongolia
Muhammad Moman Khan , Rafał Kolenda , Peter Schierack , J. Weinreich , Stefan Rodiger , Jakob Schierack , Michael Stubbe , Davaa Lkhagvasuren , S. Guenther , Katharina Schaufler
AbstractTo increase our understanding of bacterial intestinal colonization in animal populations lacking substantial anthropogenic influence we studied the diversity of E. coli in cormorants from the pristine West‐Mongolian steppe. E. coli were isolated from individual birds of two cormorant colonies located on small islands in lakes at least 100 km away from human settlements. Diversity of the isolates was studied using pulsed‐field gel electrophoresis (PFGE). 137 isolates of cormorant colony‐1 and 75 isolates of cormorant colony‐2 resulted in 60 and 33 PFGE types, respectively. Representative strains of each PFGE type were analyzed via PCR in terms of phylogroups and extraintestinal virulence‐associated genes (exVAGs). Bacterial adhesion to the chicken intestinal cell line CHIC‐8E11 and antimicrobial resistance was also determined. Most isolates belonged to phylogroup B1 (68.3%) followed by B2 and E with B2 harboring the highest total number of exVAGs per isolate. Unexpectedly, a PFGE type with relatively few exVAGs displayed the highest isolation frequency, also showing a high adhesion rate. Comparative analysis of exVAGs to other E. coli populations of wildlife origin revealed that the secreted autotransporter toxin encoding sat gene was only present in cormorants. Overall, E. coli in cormorants maintained a high diversity under minimal anthropogenic influences, which likely enables intestinal colonization.
|Journal series||Microorganisms, ISSN 2076-2607, (N/A 20 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.65|
|Keywords in English||adhesion; antibiotic resistance; commensal; cormorants; E. coli; virulence|
|License||Journal (articles only); published final; ; with publication|
|Score||= 20.0, 28-04-2021, ArticleFromJournal|
|Publication indicators||= 0; = 0; : 2018 = 4.167 (2)|
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