Antitumor and antioxidant activities of purple potato ethanolic extract and its interaction with liposomes, albumin and plasmid DNA
Paulina Strugała , Anna Urbaniak , Patryk Kuryś , Aleksandra Włoch , Teresa Kral , Maciej Ugorski , Martin Hof , Janina Gabrielska
AbstractThe aim of the study was to broadly determine the biological activities of purple potato ethanolic extract of the Blue Congo variety (BCE). The antioxidant activity of BCE was determined in relation to liposome membranes, and peroxidation was induced by UVB and AAPH. To clarify the antioxidant activity of BCE, we investigated its interactions with hydrophilic and hydrophobic regions of a membrane using fluorimetric and FTIR methods. Next, we investigated the cytotoxicity and pro-apoptotic activities of BCE in two human colon cancer cell lines (HT-29 and Caco-2) and in normal cells (IPEC-J2). In addition, the ability to inhibit enzymes that are involved in pro-inflammatory reactions was examined. Furthermore, BCE interactions with serum albumin and plasmid DNA were investigated using steady state fluorescence spectroscopy and a single molecule fluorescence technique (TCSPC-FCS). We proved that BCE effectively protects lipid membranes against the process of peroxidation and successfully inhibits the cyclooxygenase and lipoxygenase enzymes. Furthermore, it interacts with the hydrophilic and hydrophobic parts of lipid membranes as well as with albumin and plasmid DNA. It was observed that BCE is more cytotoxic against colon cancer cell lines than normal IPEC-J2 cells; it also induces apoptosis in cancer cell lines, but does not induce cell death in normal cells.
|Journal series||Food & Function, [Food and Function], ISSN 2042-6496, e-ISSN 2042-650X, (N/A 100 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.95|
|Score||= 100.0, 06-05-2021, ArticleFromJournal|
|Publication indicators||= 0; = 0; : 2018 = 1.053; : 2019 = 4.171 (2) - 2019=4.364 (5)|
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