Antioxidative enzyme activity and total antioxidant capacity in serum of dogs with degenerative mitral valve disease
Marcin Michałek , Aleksandra Tabiś , Alicja Cepiel-Kośmieja , Agnieszka Noszczyk-Nowak
AbstractThis study was designed to evaluate the antioxidative status of serum by measuring its total antioxidant capacity, as well as the antioxidant enzyme activity (superoxide dismutase, catalase, and glutathione reductase), in dogs with various stages of degenerative mitral valve disease (DMVD) compared to healthy controls. In total, 71 client-owned dogs in different stages of DMVD, which included healthy controls, took part in the study. Following an anamnesis, clinical examination, standard transthoracic echocardiograpic examination, chest X-ray, complete blood (cell) count, and serum biochemistry, dogs were divided into 2 study groups. Blood was drawn from each dog once at the time of presentation and selected antioxidant parameters were measured using commercially available assay kits. The activity of superoxide dismutase gradually decreased in the more advanced stages of DMVD, while the activity of catalase was significantly higher in the group of dogs with asymptomatic DMVD compared to healthy controls and dogs with symptomatic DMVD. No significant changes were noted in total antioxidant capacity and the activity of glutathione reductase. Results suggested that DMVD has a significant impact on the activity of superoxide dismutase and catalase in the serum of the tested dogs. Knowledge of changes in the activity of antioxidative enzymes may warrant further studies, possibly to evaluate the potential role of compounds with antioxidative properties in the clinical outcome of dogs with DMVD.
|Journal series||Canadian Journal of Veterinary Research-Revue Canadienne de Recherche Veterinaire, [Canadian Journal of Veterinary Research], ISSN 0830-9000, (N/A 70 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.5|
|Score||= 70.0, 28-05-2020, ArticleFromJournal|
|Publication indicators||= 0; : 2018 = 0.611; : 2018 = 0.926 (2) - 2018=1.261 (5)|
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