Arsenic Uptake by Two Tolerant Grass Species: Holcus lanatus and Agrostis capillaris Growing in Soils Contaminated by Historical Mining
Agnieszka Dradrach , Anna Karczewska , Katarzyna Szopka
AbstractThe study focused on two grass species Holcus lanatus and Agrostis capillaris abundant in the sites of former As mining and processing in the Sudetes. Arsenic uptake from soils was examined to assess a risk associated with its accumulation in grass shoots and to check its dependence on soil fertilization. The research involved a field study and greenhouse experiment. In the field study, soil and plant samples were collected from 33 sites with 72–98,400 mg/kg total soil As. Arsenic uptake by grasses differed widely. Both species indicated a strategy typical for eliminators, although As concentrations in more than 50% of the shoot samples exceeded 4 mg/kg, a maximum permissible value for fodder. In the greenhouse experiment, commercial cultivars of both species were grown in five soils containing 394–19,600 mg/kg, untreated and fertilized. All seedlings died in the soil with highest total As, and considerable phytotoxicity was observed in other soils, particularly in nonfertilized ones. Fertilization resulted in the improvement of plant growth and reduction of As uptake except for Agrostis capillaris fertilized with manure. Further research should focus on identifying tolerant genotypes growing in extremely enriched sites and analysis of factors that will efficiently reduce As phytoaccumulation.
|Journal series||Plants, [Plants], ISSN 2223-7747, e-ISSN 2223-7747, (N/A 70 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.6|
|Keywords in English||soil; As; phytoaccumulation; Yorkshire fog; common bent; grassland; fertilization; extractability; translocation factor|
|ASJC Classification||; ;|
|License||Journal (articles only); published final; ; with publication|
|Score||= 70.0, 14-09-2020, ArticleFromJournal|
|Publication indicators||: 2017 = 0.969; : 2018 = 2.632 (2)|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.