A 37-amino acid loop in the Yarrowia lipolytica hexokinase impacts its activity and affinity and modulates gene expression
Piotr Hapeta , Patrycja Szczepańska , Cécile Neuvéglise , Zbigniew Lazar
AbstractThe oleaginous yeast Yarrowia lipolytica is a potent cell factory as it is able to use a wide variety of carbon sources to convert waste materials into value-added products. Nonetheless, there are still gaps in our understanding of its central carbon metabolism. Here we present an in-depth study of Y. lipolytica hexokinase (YlHxk1), a structurally unique protein. The greatest peculiarity of YlHxk1 is a 37-amino acid loop region, a structure not found in any other known hexokinases. By combining bioinformatic and experimental methods we showed that the loop in YlHxk1 is essential for activity of this protein and through that on growth of Y. lipolytica on glucose and fructose. We further proved that the loop in YlHxk1 hinders binding with trehalose 6-phosphate (T6P), a glycolysis inhibitor, as hexokinase with partial deletion of this region is 4.7-fold less sensitive to this molecule. We also found that YlHxk1 devoid of the loop causes strong repressive effect on lipase-encoding genes LIP2 and LIP8 and that the hexokinase overexpression in Y. lipolytica changes glycerol over glucose preference when cultivated in media containing both substrates.
|Journal series||Scientific Reports, ISSN 2045-2322, (N/A 140 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.65|
|License||Journal (articles only); published final; ; with publication|
|Score||= 140.0, 17-05-2021, ArticleFromJournal|
|Publication indicators||= 0; = 0; : 2016 = 1.401; : 2019 = 3.998 (2) - 2019=4.576 (5)|
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