Effect of diet on mechanical properties of horse's hair
Malgorzata Kania , Dorota Mikolajewska , Krzysztof Marycz , Magdalena Kobielarz
AbstractThe aim of this research was to assess the effect of diet supplementation with zinc and copper, in different chemical forms (organic and inorganic), on the mechanical properties of the hair of healthy English thoroughbred horses. Hairs were taken from 18 horses which had been fed with oats and hay for a period of 110 days. Twelve of the horses had been additionally given a daily dose of 700 g of high-quality 44-ingredients Fohlengold St-Hippolyt muesli made by Muhle Ebert Dilheim. Six of them had received the muesli-containing organic zinc and copper (OS), while the other six horses had received the muesli-containing inorganic zinc and copper (IS). The mechanical properties of the hairs before and after the supplementation period were tested in a Synergie 100 (MTS) testing machine. Each of the hairs was loaded at a constant rate of 20 mm/min until rupture. Young modulus (E), breaking stress (Ru) and yield point (Rs) of the particular hairs were determined. No significant changes in the mechanical parameters were observed in the reference group in which the horses were fed with only oats and hay for the whole experimental period of 110 days. The supplementation of the diet with inorganic zinc and copper resulted in an increase in the elasticity and diameter of the hairs and in a simultaneous reduction in their strength. Whereas organic zinc and copper caused an increase in the elasticity and strength of the hairs and a simultaneous reduction in their diameter. It has been shown that the organic form of the supplemented trace zinc and copper (mainly copper) elements has a beneficial effect on the mechanical properties of the hairs since it results in an increase in both their elasticity and strength.
|Journal series||Acta of Bioengineering and Biomechanics, ISSN 1509-409X, (A 15 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.5|
|Keywords in English||mechanical properties; hairs; horses; supplementation; elements; zinc; copper|
|ASJC Classification||; ; ;|
|Publication indicators||= 18; = 21; : 2009 = 0.239; : 2010 = 0.432 (2) - 2013=0.865 (5)|
|Citation count*||31 (2020-08-07)|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.