Use of GNSS Tropospheric Products for High-Resolution, Rapid-Update NWP and Severe Weather Forecasting (Working Group 2)
Siebren de Haan , Eric Pottiaux , J. Sánchez-Arriola , M. Bender , J. Berckmans , Hugue Brenot , C. Bruyninx , L. De Cruz , Galina Dick , Natalia Dymarska , K. Eben , Guergana Guerova , Jonathan Jones , P. Krč , M. Lindskog , M. Mile , G. Möller , N. Penov , J. Resler , Witold Rohm , M. Slavchev , K. Stoev , A. Stoycheva , Estera Trzcina , F. Zus
AbstractFor more than a decade, GNSS-meteorology has been increasingly used operationally in Europe particularly for data assimilation in Numerical Weather Prediction (NWP) models, mainly thanks to the EIG EUMETNET GNSS Water Vapour Program (E-GVAP, 2005-today). As such, GNSS has become a well-established, mature observing technique for data assimilation applications. Over this period however, scientists and specialists in GNSS-meteorology noted the clear potential for enhancements and novelties in the domain. The work carried out by the COST Action ES1206 Working Group 2 members addressed these potential enhancements and novelties from the meteorological point of view, in collaboration with WG1. This included the establishment of discussion channels with forecasters in order to determine which GNSS products would be best suited for their day-to-day operational requirements. Particular areas of interest include engaging more operational forecasters (e.g. use of meteorological case studies), especially for non-numerical nowcasting of severe weather, and getting more meteorological agencies to assimilate GNSS products in regions of Europe where they were not yet/well exploited. It also included the development of the techniques and tools necessary to benefit from the brand new products developed by the Action WG1 and WG2 members, namely real-time GNSS tropospheric products for rapid-cycle NWP and non-numerical nowcasting, data assimilation of horizontal tropospheric gradients and tropospheric slant delays as well as tomographic products. Finally, the work carried out by the WG2 members brought operational improvements through dialog, transfer of knowledge, and standardisation (e.g. the new standardized tropo-SINEX format or the development of assimilation operators). The major WG2 outcomes are discussed in this Chapter.
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