Fifteen years since the first record of Trichinella pseudospiralis in Slovakia: What’s new?
Zuzana Hurníková , Martina Miterpáková , Grzegorz Zaleśny , Petronela Komorová , Gabriela Chovancová
AbstractThe presence of Trichinella pseudospiralis has been increasingly reported in Europe in the last decade. The parasite was recorded for the first time in Central Europe in 2003–2004, in eastern Slovakia, in pigs, rats and a cat from a pig breeding farm. In the following years, it was also repeatedly diagnosed in co-infection with T. britovi in sylvatic animals from this area. Molecular analyses revealed a distinctive genetic relationship of the Slovak isolate with those from Finland and Sweden, suggesting the potential role of migratory birds of prey in the transmission of the parasite. Thus, potential host species, including mammals and birds, were investigated for the presence of T. pseudospiralis. During 2006–2018, a total of 360 carcasses of raptorial, carrion-feeding and scavenging birds were collected and examined using artificial digestion of pectoral muscle samples. Muscle larvae were detected in muscle of one golden eagle (Aquila chrysaetos), two common kestrels (Falco tinnunculus) and one peregrine falcon (F. peregrinus). Molecular analyses confirmed the presence of T. pseudospiralis. These findings in diurnal raptorial species represent new host records for Trichinella spp. In 2017, a mandatory examination of pigs (Sus scrofa domesticus), red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) and wild boars (Sus scrofa) revealed one wild boar from the central part of territory to be infected with T. pseudospiralis. Our data confirm that the parasite has already established itself in Slovakia, and thus adequate veterinary measures and public education are needed to prevent its transmission to the food chain and the risk of human infection.
|Journal series||Veterinary Parasitology, ISSN 0304-4017, e-ISSN 1873-2550, (N/A 140 pkt)|
|Keywords in English||Trichinella pseudospiralis, Prevalence, Birds of prey, New host records, Wild boar|
|ASJC Classification||; ;|
|Not used for evaluation||yes|
|Publication indicators||: 2016 = 1.228; : 2018 = 2.009 (2) - 2018=2.299 (5)|
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