Shifts in Female Facial Attractiveness during Pregnancy
Dariusz P. Danel , Kasper Kalinowski , Natalia Nowak-Szczepanska , Anna Ziomkiewicz-Wichary , Anna Apanasewicz , Krzysztof Borysławski , Sławomir Kozieł , Danuta Kornafel , Pawel Fedurek
AbstractIt has been proposed that women’s physical attractiveness is a cue to temporal changes in fertility. If this is the case, we should observe shifts in attractiveness during pregnancy—a unique physiological state of temporal infertility. The aim of this study was to examine how women’s facial attractiveness changes during the subsequent trimesters of pregnancy and how it compares to that of nonpregnant women. Sixty-six pictures of pregnant women (22 pictures per trimester) and 22 of nonpregnant women (a control group) were used to generate four composite portraits, which were subsequently assessed for facial attractiveness by 117 heterosexual men. The results show considerable differences between facial attractiveness ratings depending on the status and progress of pregnancy. Nonpregnant women were perceived as the most attractive, and the attractiveness scores of pregnant women decreased throughout the course of pregnancy. Our findings show that facial attractiveness can be influenced by pregnancy and that gestation, even at its early stages, affects facial attractiveness. Considerable changes in women’s physiology that occur during pregnancy may be responsible for the observed effects.
|Journal series||International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, e-ISSN 1660-4601, (N/A 70 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.3|
|Keywords in English||pregnancy; women; facial attractiveness; cues of fertility|
|License||Journal (articles only); author's original; ; after publication|
|Score||= 70.0, 22-04-2021, ArticleFromJournal|
|Publication indicators||= 0; : 2018 = 1.129; : 2019 = 2.849 (2) - 2019=3.127 (5)|
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