Decision Support System to Improve the Effectiveness of Chemical Control Against Cutworms in Sugar Beet
Magdalena Jakubowska , Jan Bocianowski , Kamila Nowosad , Jolanta Kowalska
AbstractThe aim of this research was to create an advisory system for commodity services and sugar beet growers to support their decisions about the use of chemical control against the cutworms. Consequently, two forecasting models for determining the chemical control time were compared: one based on a signaling method and the other based on average of [effective] temperatures necessary for caterpillars to achieve the desired L2 stage. The date of first flights and the total number of pests on plantations were determined. The usefulness of monitoring cutworm catches was also compared with systematic observations of sugar beet fields at the moment when the mass flight of cutworm moths was identified. The beginning of oviposition, hatching of the first caterpillars and the caterpillars’ growth to 10–12 mm was observed, and optimal date of chemical treatment against cutworms was forecasted. During the study, the time for insecticidal treatments against cutworms was determined by the signaling method between the 29th and the 41st day following the onset of the cutworm moths’ mass flight. The time of treatments was determined phenologically by obtaining the sum of heat which ranged from 300.7 to 696.4 °C with an average of 523.17 °C and the sum of effective temperatures which ranged from 120.2 to 260.5 °C with an average of 180.1 °C.
|Journal series||Sugar Tech, ISSN 0972-1525, e-ISSN 0974-0740, (N/A 40 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.55|
|Keywords in English||Cutworms; Decision support systems; Integrated pest management; Monitoring; Sums of effective temperatures|
|License||Journal (articles only); published final; ; with publication|
|Not used for evaluation||yes|
|Publication indicators||= 0; : 2016 = 0.818; : 2018 = 1.024 (2) - 2018=1.146 (5)|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.