Immunologically active peptides that accompany hen egg yolk immunoglobulin Y: Separation and identification
Antoni Polanowski , Agnieszka Sosnowska , Agnieszka Zabłocka , Maria Janusz , Tadeusz Trziszka
The protein mixture of cytokine-inducing activity accompanying chicken immunoglobulin Y, named yolkin, consists of several peptides of molecular weight (MW) ranging from over 1 to 35 kDa. Yolkin and its constituent peptides were found to be efficient inducers of interleukin (IL)-1 β, IL-6 and IL-10 secretion. N-terminal amino acid sequences of eight of the electrophoretically purified yolkin constituents revealed that all of them are homological to some fragments of the C-terminal domain of vitellogenin II. The fractions of MW about 4 and 12 kDa are free of carbohydrates and start at position 1732 in the vitellogenin amino acid sequence; whereas the other fractions (MW about 16, 19, 23, 29, 32 and 35 kDa) appeared to be glycoproteins corresponding to the amino acid sequence of vitellogenin starting at position 1572. From these data, it is concluded that yolkin most likely represents vitellogenin-derived peptides that possess cytokine-inducing activity and are, at least partially, responsible for such properties of separated immunoglobulin Y preparation. This finding reveals a new role for vitellogenin as a reservoir of polypeptides that may play an important role in the innate immune system of the developing embryo.
|Journal series||Biological Chemistry, ISSN 1431-6730, (A 25 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.5|
|Keywords in English||Chicken egg yolk, Cytokine induction, Immunoglobulin Y (IgY), Vitellogenin, Yolkin|
|ASJC Classification||; ;|
|Score|| = 25.0, 09-09-2020, ArticleFromJournal|
= 25.0, 09-09-2020, ArticleFromJournal
|Publication indicators||= 13; = 13; : 2013 = 0.735; : 2013 = 2.689 (2) - 2013=2.861 (5)|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.