Transforming sugars into fat - lipid biosynthesis using different sugars in Yarrowia lipolytica
Piotr Hapeta , Magdalena Rakicka-Pustułka , Remi Dulermo , Heber Gamboa-Meléndez , Anne-Marie Cruz-Le Coq , Jean-Marc Nicaud , Zbigniew Lazar
AbstractIn an era of ever-increasing energy demands, a promising technology is being developed: the use of oleaginous microorganisms such as Yarrowia lipolytica to convert waste materials into biofuels. Here, we constructed two Y. lipolytica strains that displayed both increased lipid accumulation and more efficient use of biomass-derived sugars, including glucose, fructose, galactose and inulin. The first strain, Y. lipolytica YLZ150, was derived from the French wild-type strain W29. It had inhibited triacylglycerol mobilization (∆tgl4) and β-oxidation (∆pox1-6), and it overexpressed GPD1, DGA2, HXK1, the native Leloir pathway, SUC2 from Saccharomyces cerevisiae and INU1 from Kluyveromyces marxianus. The second strain, Y. lipolytica Y4779, was derived from the Polish A-101 strain. It had inhibited β-oxidation (∆mfe2) and overexpressed GPD1, DGA1, HXK1, YHT3, SUC2 and INU1. In the first experiment, strain YLZ150 was batch-cultured in media containing different hexoses; the highest values for lipid concentration and yield of lipids from the substrate were obtained using fructose (20.3 g dm-3 and 0.14 g g-1 , respectively). In the second experiment, we grew the two strains in fed-batch cultures to examine lipid biosynthesis from inulin (a fructose polymer). For Y4779, the lipid concentration was 10.3 g dm-3 and the yield of lipids from substrate was 0.07 g g-1 ; in contrast, for YLZ150, these values were 24 g dm-3 and 0.16 g g-1 , respectively. The YLZ150 strain is thus able to efficiently exploit glucose, fructose, galactose, sucrose and inulin for lipid biosynthesis.
|Journal series||Yeast, ISSN 0749-503X, (A 25 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.55|
|Keywords in English||Yarrowia lipolytica, lipids, glucose, fructose, galactose, inulin|
|ASJC Classification||; ; ; ;|
|Internal identifier||63596; PX-5a16d6e4d5ded30cdcadbcbc|
|Score||= 25.0, 24-08-2020, ArticleFromJournal|
|Publication indicators||= 9; = 10; : 2017 = 0.924; : 2017 = 2.283 (2) - 2017=2.228 (5)|
|Citation count*||10 (2020-09-18)|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.