Duration of Heat Stress Effect on Invasiveness of L. monocytogenes Strains
Ewa Wałecka-Zacharska , Renata Gmyrek , Krzysztof Skowron , Katarzyna Kosek-Paszkowska , Jacek Bania
AbstractDuring food production and food conservation, as well as the passage through the human gastrointestinal (GI) tract, L. monocytogenes is exposed to many adverse conditions which may elicit a stress response. As a result the pathogen may become more resistant to other unpropitious factors and may change its virulence. It has been shown that low and high temperature, salt, low pH, and high pressure affect the invasion capacity of L. monocytogenes. However, there is a scarcity of data on the duration of the stress effect on bacterial biology, including invasiveness. The aim of this work was to determine the period during which L. monocytogenes invasiveness remains altered under optimal conditions following exposure of bacteria to mild heat shock stress. Ten L. monocytogenes strains were exposed to heat shock at 54°C for 20 minutes. Then both heat-treated and nontreated control bacteria were incubated under optimal growth conditions, 37°C, for up to 72 hours and the invasion capacity was tested. Additionally, the expression of virulence and stress response genes was investigated in 2 strains. We found that heat stress exposure significantly decreases the invasiveness of all tested strains. However, during incubation at 37°C the invasion capacity of heat-treated strains recovered to the level of nontreated controls. The observed effect was strain-dependent and lasted from less than 24 hours to 72 hours. The invasiveness of 6 out of the 10 nontreated strains decreased during incubation at 37°C. The expression of inlAB correlated with the increase of invasiveness but the decrease of invasiveness did not correlate with changes of the level of these transcripts. Conclusions. The effect of heat stress on L. monocytogenes invasiveness is strain-dependent and was transient, lasting up to 72 hours.
|Journal series||BioMed Research International, [Journal of Biomedicine and Biotechnology], ISSN 2314-6133, e-ISSN 2314-6141, [2314-6141], (A 30 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.5|
|ASJC Classification||; ; ; ; ; ; ;|
|Internal identifier||67326; PX-5c4edae1d5defe3aed829c1a|
|License||Journal (articles only); published final; ; with publication|
|Score||= 30.0, 10-05-2021, ArticleFromJournal|
|Publication indicators||= 2; = 1; : 2016 = 0.875; : 2018 = 2.197 (2) - 2018=2.885 (5)|
|Citation count*||2 (2021-06-12)|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.