Influence of variation in the volumetric moisture content of the substrate on irrigation efficiency in early potato varieties
Anna Jama-Rodzeńska , Amadeusz Walczak , Katarzyna Adamczewska-Sowińska , Grzegorz Janik , Izabela Kłosowicz , Lilianna Głąb , Józef Sowiński , Xinhao Chen , Grzegorz Pęczkowski
AbstractPotato is a plant with high water requirements. This factor affects not only the weight of potato tubers but also their quality parameters. In order to achieve quantity and quality goal, it is helpful if we apply the principles of precision agriculture, which also contributes to sustainable management of environmental resources. Accurate identification of the water requirements of crops is the basis for determining optimal irrigation doses and dates. After their application, it is possible to assess the effectiveness of irrigation treatments and their impact on the air-water conditions in soil with a root system. The aim of the presented study was to analyse the influence of volumetric soil moisture diversity on the vegetation of early potato varieties. Two potato varieties were subject to investigation: Denar and Julinka. Pot experiments were carried out at the Department of Horticulture of Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Sciences. Three variants were analysed: one with a low water content in the soil (pF 2.7), one with the optimal water content (pF 2.5) and one with a high water content (pF 2.2). The basis for the selection of the frequency and application rate of water doses was soil moisture measured with an SM150-Kit set. Volumetric moisture was measured with a TDR apparatus. It was found that the water requirements of both potato varieties differ and increase along with the development of the aboveground and underground parts. Moreover, it was shown that the irrigation requirements of cv. Julinka are higher than those of Denar (31.4–33.0% higher), depending on the adopted variant. The research also showed that the most effective method of potato cultivation is to maintain soil moisture at a lower level. This should be taken into account in regions where the cultivation of this species uses supplementation of the water requirements by irrigation.
|Journal series||PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, (N/A 100 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.95|
|ASJC Classification||; ;|
|License||Journal (articles only); published final; ; with publication|
|Score||= 100.0, 15-09-2020, ArticleFromJournal|
|Publication indicators||= 0; = 1; : 2017 = 1.111; : 2018 = 2.776 (2) - 2018=3.337 (5)|
|Citation count*||1 (2020-09-14)|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.