The unique hmuY gene sequence as a specific marker of Porphyromonas gingivalis
Anna Gmiterek , Halina Wójtowicz , Paweł Mackiewicz , Małgorzata Radwan-Oczko , Małgorzata Kantorowicz , Maria Chomyszyn-Gajewska , Magdalena Frąszczak , Marcin Bielecki , Mariusz Olczak , Teresa Olczak
AbstractPorphyromonas gingivalis, a major etiological agent of chronic periodontitis, acquires heme from host hemoproteins using the HmuY hemophore. The aim of this study was to develop a specific P. gingivalis marker based on a hmuY gene sequence. Subgingival samples were collected from 66 patients with chronic periodontitis and 40 healthy subjects and the entire hmuY gene was analyzed in positive samples. Phylogenetic analyses demonstrated that both the amino acid sequence of the HmuY protein and the nucleotide sequence of the hmuY gene are unique among P. gingivalis strains/isolates and show low identity to sequences found in other species (below 50 and 56%, respectively). In agreement with these findings, a set of hmuY gene-based primers and standard/real-time PCR with SYBR Green chemistry allowed us to specifically detect P. gingivalis in patients with chronic periodontitis (77.3%) and healthy subjects (20%), the latter possessing lower number of P. gingivalis cells and total bacterial cells. Isolates from healthy subjects possess the hmuY gene-based nucleotide sequence pattern occurring in W83/W50/A7436 (n = 4), 381/ATCC 33277 (n = 3) or TDC60 (n = 1) strains, whereas those from patients typically have TDC60 (n = 21), W83/W50/A7436 (n = 17) and 381/ATCC 33277 (n = 13) strains. We observed a significant correlation between periodontal index of risk of infectiousness (PIRI) and the presence/absence of P. gingivalis (regardless of the hmuY gene-based sequence pattern of the isolate identified [r = 0.43; P = 0.0002] and considering particular isolate pattern [r = 0.38; P = 0.0012]). In conclusion, we demonstrated that the hmuY gene sequence or its fragments may be used as one of the molecular markers of P. gingivalis.
|Journal series||PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, (A 40 pkt)|
|Keywords in English||Porphyromonas gingivalis infections; HmuY protein; Biochemical markers|
|ASJC Classification||; ;|
|License||Journal (articles only); published final; ; with publication|
|Score|| = 40.0, 01-06-2020, ArticleFromJournal|
= 40.0, 01-06-2020, ArticleFromJournal
|Publication indicators||= 11; = 9; : 2013 = 1.153; : 2013 = 3.534 (2) - 2013=4.015 (5)|
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