Development and Evaluation of a Polyvinylalcohol -Cellulose Derivative-Based Film with Povidone-Iodine Predicted for Wound Treatment
Dorota Kida , Olimpia Gładysz , Małgorzata Szulc , Jacek Zborowski , Adam Junka , Maciej Janeczek , Anna Lipińska , Aleksandra Skalec , Bożena Karolewicz
AbstractThe aim of this study was to develop and assess a polyvinyl alcohol-cellulose derivatives-based film with incorporated povidone-iodine (PVP-I) predicted for applications in the treatment of periodontitis. Films were fabricated by solvent-casting, and their physical characteristics, such as their surface and structure morphology, mechanical properties, and disintegrating time, were evaluated. For in vitro iodine release studies and evaluation, the antimicrobial activity was tested using a modified disc diffusion method against five microbial strains. For further use, we selected the film with polyvinyl alcohol-hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (PVA/HPMC_B) based on acceptable physicochemical properties. To assess the subacute toxicity of the film composition, the tissue regeneration process was tested in rats and compared to a conventional dressing commonly used in wound healing (Spongostan). Seven days after implantation, dorsal skin sections and blood samples (n = 10, in total n = 30) were examined. The wound area, epithelium, and dermis were evaluated microscopically, while the blood collected from the rats underwent biochemical analysis. The blood biochemistry results were comparable in all three groups. No significant histological differences between the Spongostan and the placebo film developed after subcutaneous implantation were observed. In contrast, the inflammation stage was reduced and the “scar” in the dermis was smaller when PVP-I and PVA/HPMC_B films were used. A smaller local inflammatory response inflicted less tissue damage, leading to the activation of subsequent regeneration phases and restoration of the area to its original state. The results obtained confirmed that PVP-I incorporated into PVA-hydroxypropyl methylcellulose film is a promising drug carrier, working faster and more effectively than the other two dressing materials evaluated. These developments provide a promising alternative in tissue regeneration and the wound healing process.
|Journal series||Polymers, ISSN 2073-4360, (N/A 100 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.3|
|Keywords in English||povidone‐iodine; polymer film; cellulose derivatives; polyvinyl alcohol; rat model; tissue regeneration|
|License||Journal (articles only); author's original; ; with publication|
|Score||= 100.0, 22-04-2021, ArticleFromJournal|
|Publication indicators||= 0; = 0; : 2018 = 1.057; : 2017 = 2.935 (2) - 2017=3.509 (5)|
|Citation count*||1 (2021-05-15)|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.