The Protective Effect of Xanthohumol on the Content of Selected Elements in the Bone Tissue for Exposed Japanese Quails to TCDD
Aleksandra Całkosińska , Marzena Dominiak , Sylwia Sobolewska , Anna Leśków , Małgorzata Tarnowska , Aleksander Całkosiński , Maciej Dobrzyński
AbstractDioxins (including 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) are highly toxic and persistent chemicals widely distributed in the environment in trace amounts, and are side products of industrial and chemical processes. Exposure to dioxins leads to multiorgan morphological and functional abnormalities, including within the bone tissue, disrupting its microarchitecture and mechanical properties. Xanthohumol (XN) is a chemical compound classified as a prenylated flavonoid, distinguished by multidirectional biological action. The aim of the study is to assess whether xanthohumol, as a substance with strong antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, has the ability to eliminate the negative effects of TCDD on bone tissue. The experiment was conducted on adult Japanese quails. Two different doses of TCDD and xanthohumol were administered to birds. After euthanasia of animals, the research material in the form of cranial vault and hind limb bone was collected, and their mineral compositions of calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, zinc, and iron concentrations were determined using atomic emission spectrometry in an acetylene-air flame method. Our results indicate that the administration of TCDD at a low dose causes more dynamic changes in the concentration of elements in bone, in comparison to a higher dose of dioxin. Results show also that higher doses of the XN cause the linear increase in the concentration of phosphorus and iron in the bone of the hind limb, and calcium in the bones of the cranial vault. In conclusion, our experiment shows that the use of TCDD and XN in Japanese quails together in various doses influences the content of phosphorus, magnesium, zinc, and iron in the research material.
|Journal series||International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, e-ISSN 1660-4601, (N/A 70 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.7|
|Keywords in English||TCDD, dioxins, antioxidants, xanthohumol, bone mineral composition, bone mineralization|
|License||Journal (articles only); published final; ; with publication|
|Score||= 70.0, 15-09-2020, ArticleFromJournal|
|Publication indicators||: 2018 = 1.129; : 2019 = 2.849 (2) - 2019=3.127 (5)|
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