Selegiline and clomipramine effects on lymphocyte subsets, regulatory T cells and sheep red blood cell (SRBC)-induced humoral immune response after in vivo administration in mice
Marianna Szczypka , Anna Sobieszczańska , Agnieszka Suszko-Pawłowska , Magdalena Lis
AbstractWe aimed at investigating the influence of clomipramine and selegiline administered in vivo in mice on lymphocyte subsets in lymphoid organs and SRBC-induced humoral immune response. Balb/c mice were given 7 or 14 oral doses (1 mg/kg) of selegiline or clomipramine. Lymphocyte B and T subsets and splenic regulatory T cell (Treg) subset were determined in non-immunized mice 24 and 72 h after the last dose of the drugs. Some mice treated with 7 doses were immunized with sheep red blood cells (SRBC) 2 h after the last dose, and their number of antibody forming cells, haemagglutinin titers and splenocyte subsets were determined. An increase in T lymphocytes and a decrease in B cells were visible in peripheral lymphoid organs, especially after 14 doses of selegiline or clomipramine in non-immunized mice, as well as in spleens of SRBC-immunized mice. The most pronounced change was a decrease in CD4+/CD8+ ratio resulting mainly from an increase in CD8+ subset after seven doses of the drugs in the non-immunized mice. However, it was of a transient nature, as it disappeared after 14 doses of the drugs. The tested drugs only slightly affected thymocyte maturation and did not alter Treg subset. Selegiline and clomipramine transiently stimulated IgG production in SRBC-immunized mice. Both selegiline and clomipramine administered in vivo modulated lymphocyte subsets. This immunomodulatory effect depended on the drug as well as duration of administration.
|Journal series||European Journal of Pharmacology, ISSN 0014-2999, e-ISSN 1879-0712, (N/A 100 pkt)|
|Keywords in English||Clomipramine, Lymphocyte subsets, Regulatory T cells, Selegiline, SRBC-Induced immune response|
|Score||= 100.0, 10-05-2021, ArticleFromJournal|
|Publication indicators||= 0; = 0; : 2018 = 0.958; : 2019 = 3.263 (2) - 2019=3.266 (5)|
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