The concentration of selected elements in the placenta according to selected sociodemographic factors and their effect on birth mass and birth length of newborns
Dominika Mazurek , Karolina Łoźna , Monika Bronkowska
AbstractBACKGROUND AND AIMS: The placenta is a remarkable organ which provides critical transport functions between the maternal and fetal circulations during pregnancy. The demand for mineral components increases during the gestational period, therefore, an appropriate intake of minerals, such as calcium, phosphorus, potassium, magnesium, iron, zinc, copper, and manganese, determines the correct growth and development of a fetus. The aim of the study was to assess the concentration of selected elements in the placenta, and to assess the impact of their concentrations on the birth weight and birth length of newborns. The second aim of the study was to assess the influence of selected sociodemographic factors on the concentration of elements in the placenta. RESULTS: The study demonstrated that the age of mothers affected the concentration of Ca and Mn in the placenta, and their habit of tobacco smoking during the gestational period was associated with higher concentrations of Ca, P, K, Mg, Fe, Cu, and Cd in the placental tissue. The results also showed that concentrations of K, Fe, Zn, and Mn in the placental tissue affected birth length. Furthermore, the association was demonstrated between a higher Cd concentration in the placenta (≥ 0.0503 μg/g) and the birth anthropometric parameters of neonates. CONCLUSIONS: Smoking during pregnancy and environment pollution are the factors that affects the concentration of elements in the placenta and contributes to their high accumulation in the placenta. Smoking during pregnancy causes an increased concentration of cadmium in the placenta which has negative health effects for the newborn. Women living in a big city or village had a higher concentration of cadmium in their placentas compared to women living in smaller cities. The significant influence of some elements (K, Fe, Zn, Cu and Cd) on the newborn's birth parameters was also demonstrated. The results of our research indicate the importance of the mother's lifestyle in providing the placenta with elements, which affects the growth of the fetus.
|Journal series||Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology, ISSN 0946-672X, (N/A 100 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.5|
|Keywords in English||Placenta, Macroelements, Microelements,Toxic trace elements, Birth parameters of neonate|
|ASJC Classification||; ;|
|License||Journal (articles only); published final; ; with publication|
|Score||= 100.0, 22-04-2021, ArticleFromJournal|
|Publication indicators||= 1; = 2; : 2018 = 1.226; : 2019 = 3.245 (2) - 2019=3.449 (5)|
|Citation count*||4 (2021-06-13)|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.