Intrathoracic aerosol chemotherapy via spray‑catheter
Veria Khosrawipour , Agata Mikołajczyk , Robert Pasławski , Michał Płóciennik , Kacper Nowak , Joanna Kulas , Mohamed Arafkas , Tanja Khosrawipour
AbstractPressurized intrathoracic aerosol chemotherapy (PITAC) has been introduced to the clinical setting as a novel treatment option for pleural metastasis (PM). For decades the therapeutic application of aerosols was limited to intrabronchial delivery. However, present studies suggest performing PITAC on patients with PM and malignant pleural effusion. Using an established ex vivo swine model, the present study aimed to introduce a facilitated intrathoracic chemoaerosol application via spray-catheter. Using an ex-vivo model of 3 postmortem swine, the feasibility of intrathoracic aerosol chemotherapy (ITC) with doxorubicin using a spray-catheter was evaluated in a normal pressure environment. Following thoracotomy, the spray-catheter was inserted via trocar. Tissue samples were retrieved and further analyzed by fluorescence microscopy to detect doxorubicin contact. Our data demonstrated that the application of ITC was technically feasible and did not exhibit any significant obstacles. By making a minimally invasive thoracotomy incision it was possible to create an adequate pneumothorax without the need of a double-lumen tube or intubation. ITC did not require the creation of a pressurized environment. Tissue samples revealed doxorubicin contact within the pleura. In conclusion, ITC is a fast and feasible procedure that could possibly be administered via bedside application, therefore eliminating the need of an operating room and surgical staff. However, further studies are required to evaluate the safety of patients and physicians regarding this novel applicational modality. Nevertheless, the present study demonstrated that ITC may potentially be applied at bedside, an option that is particularly important for patients who do not qualify for PITAC procedures.
|Journal series||Molecular and Clinical Oncology, ISSN 2049-9450, e-ISSN 2049-9469, (N/A 20 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.5|
|Keywords in English||pleural metastasis, malignant pleural effusion, chemo installation, peritoneal carcinomatosis, pressurized intrathoracic aerosol|
|License||Journal (articles only); published final; ; with publication|
|Score||= 20.0, 28-04-2021, ArticleFromJournal|
|Publication indicators||= 1; = 1|
|Citation count*||2 (2021-05-09)|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.