Clinical and diagnostic imaging findings in an Italian wolf (Canis lupus italicus) with discospondylitis
Offer Zeira , Chiara Briola , Martin Konar , Marta Płonek , Valentina Papa
AbstractAn adult male Italian wolf (Canis lupus italicus) was presented with an abnormal gait. Neurologic examination showed thoracic kyphosis, paraparesis, decreased proprioception in the pelvic limbs, and normal spinal reflexes. Neurologic symptoms suggested a thoracolumbar spinal cord lesion. Pathologic findings included leukocytosis. Spinal radiographs revealed ventral spondylosis of T4/T5/T6, a poorly defined intervertebral disc space, and mild lysis of the vertebral margins. Multiple metallic foreign bodies were seen in the thoracic wall. Magnetic resonance imaging of the spine detected increased signal intensity on fluid sensitive sequences of the vertebral bodies, the intervertebral disc, and surrounding soft tissues. These findings were interpreted as active discospondylitis at T4/T5. Medical therapy included antibiotic and analgesic treatment as well as movement restriction. Follow-up at 4 wk showed significant clinical and radiologic improvement. Discospondylitis should be included in the differential diagnosis in wolves with paresis. Copyright 2013 by American Association of Zoo Veterinarians.
|Journal series||Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, ISSN 1042-7260, (A 20 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.5|
|Keywords in English||Canis lupus italicus; Discospondylitis; Magnetic resonance imaging; Paresis; Osteomyelitis; Wolf|
|ASJC Classification||; ;|
|Score|| = 20.0, 21-11-2019, ArticleFromJournal|
= 20.0, 21-11-2019, ArticleFromJournal
|Publication indicators||: 2013 = 0.526; : 2013 = 0.315 (2) - 2013=0.443 (5)|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.