High Soluble Transferrin Receptor in Patients With Heart Failure: a Measure of Iron Deficiency And a Strong Predictor of Mortality
Radosław Sierpiński , Krystian Josiak , Tomasz Suchocki , Katarzyna Wojtas-Polc , Grzegorz Mazur , Aleksandra Butrym , Piotr Rozentryt , Peter van der Meer , Josep Comin-Colet , Stephan von Haehling , Wojciech Kosmala , Monika Przewłocka-Kosmala , Waldemar Banasiak , Jolanta Nowak , Adriaan A. Voors , Stefan D. Anker , John GF Cleland , Piotr Ponikowski , Ewa Anita Jankowska
AbstractBackground Iron deficiency (ID) is frequent in heart failure (HF), linked with exercise intolerance and poor prognosis. Intravenous iron repletion improves clinical status in HF patients with LVEF≤45%. However, uncertainty exists about the accuracy of serum biomarkers in diagnosing ID. Study Aims: 1) to identify the iron biomarker with the greatest accuracy for the diagnosis of ID in bone marrow in patients with ischaemic HF; 2) to establish the prevalence of ID using this biomarker and its prognostic value in HF patients. Methods and Results Bone marrow was stained for iron in 30 patients with ischaemic HF with LVEF≤45% and 10 healthy controls, and ID was diagnosed for 0‐1 grades (Gale scale). 791 patients with HF with LVEF≤45% were prospectively followed‐up for 3 years. Serum ferritin, transferrin saturation, soluble transferrin receptor (sTfR) were assessed as iron biomarkers. Most patients with HF (25, 83%) had ID in bone marrow, but none of the controls (p<0.001). Serum sTfR had the best accuracy in predicting ID in bone marrow (AUC: 0.920, 95%CI: 0.761‐0.987, for cut‐off 1.25 mg/L sensitivity 84%, specificity 100%). Serum sTfR was ≥1.25 mg/L in 47% of HF patients, in 56% and 46% of anaemics and non‐anaemics, respectively (p<0.05). The reclassification methods revealed that serum sTfR significantly added the prognostic value to the baseline prognostic model, and to the greater extent than plasma NT‐proBNP. Based on internal derivation and validation procedures, serum sTfR ≥1.41 mg/L was the optimal threshold for predicting 3‐year mortality, independent of other established variables. Conclusions High serum sTfR accurately reflects depleted iron stores in bone marrow in patients with HF, and identifies those with a high 3‐year mortality.
|Journal series||European Journal of Heart Failure, ISSN 1388-9842, e-ISSN 1879-0844, (N/A 200 pkt)|
|Keywords in English||heart failure, iron deficiency, bone marrow, soluble transferrin receptor, prognosis, mortality|
|Not used for evaluation||yes|
|Publication indicators||= 0; = 0; : 2018 = 2.799; : 2019 = 11.627 (2) - 2019=9.361 (5)|
|Citation count*||1 (2021-05-12)|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.