Stylostome formation by parasitic larvae of Allothrombium fuliginosum (Trombidiformes: Trombidiidae): morphology of feeding tubes and factors affecting their size
Magdalena Felska , Joanna Mąkol , Andrey B. Shatrov
AbstractThe morphology and formation of stylostomes (feeding tubes) in hosts’ body during the parasitic phase of Allothrombium fuliginosum (Hermann) larvae were studied for the first time with light microscopy (LM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The stylostomes were observed in three aphids species—Acyrthosiphon pisum (Harris), Elatobium abietinum (Walker), and Macrosiphum rosae (L.)—parasitized by mites under laboratory conditions. They consisted of 2–6 main branches, preliminarily unbranched, then producing secondary and sometimes also tertiary branches as finally formed structures. Their walls were uniformly electron-dense, without any longitudinal and transverse stratifications and showed rather irregular outlines. Distally, the stylostome branches revealed transparent pores and cavities in their walls, connecting the stylostome canal with surrounding haemocoelic space. The total length of stylostomes at the end of the parasitic phase was on average 16× greater than that recorded in the youngest stylostomes. No differences in the overall shape of feeding tubes between host species were stated. The stylostomes formed in different host species did not differ significantly, except their total length, which attained the highest value in tissues of Ac. pisum.
|Journal series||Experimental and Applied Acarology, ISSN 0168-8162, e-ISSN 1572-9702, (N/A 100 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.95|
|Keywords in English||Ectoparasites, Feeding tubes, Host–parasite interaction, Parasitengona, Ultrastructure|
|ASJC Classification||; ;|
|License||Journal (articles only); published final; ; with publication|
|Score||= 100.0, 13-11-2020, ArticleFromJournal|
|Publication indicators||= 0; : 2018 = 0.973; : 2019 = 1.532 (2) - 2019=1.736 (5)|
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