Krętkowica kleszczowa zwierząt
Robert Karczmarczyk , Stanisław Klimentowski
AbstractInfections with Borrelia burgdorferi occur in domestic farm animals and wild animals in Poland. This tick-borne-disease is transmitted mainly by Ixodes ricinus and Ixodes persculatus ticks (Acari: Ixodidae). It has been proved that animals can be infected in other ways than tick bite - transplacentar means, contact with urine, eating infected rodents. It has been reported that in the areas considered as endemic in Poland up to 58% of mature ticks are the infected with Borrelia burgdorferi. Non-specific signs are the reason that Lyme disease is often not properly diagnosed. The most common clinical signs of infection on pets like dogs are lameness (oligo-or monoarthritis), fever (may be recurrent), apathy, behavioral changes. In spite of the serological positive reactions cats usually do not show any clinical signs of infection. Horses and cattle may demonstrate the infection through fever, lameness, weight loss, uveitis (horses). Live wild animals, e.g. deer do not show any signs of Borrelia burgdorferi infection. Serological methods used in order to detect the infection are not good enough to give a definitive answer about the infection. It is possible to detect false positive reactions with other spirochetal bacteria (e.g. Treponema sp.). Treatment of borreliosis is based on antibiotic administration during 3-4 weeks.
|Other language title versions||Lyme disease in animals|
|Journal series||Medycyna Weterynaryjna, [Medycyna Weterynaryjna], ISSN 0025-8628, (A 20 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.5|
|Keywords in English||Infection; Lyme disease|
|Publication indicators||= 2; : 2014 = 0.141; : 2012 = 0.203 (2) - 2015=0.162 (5)|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.